Fuchsia is a genus of flowering plants. It is part of the Onagraceae family of plants. Species in this genus are mostly shrubs and small trees. Charles Plumier named this genus after Leonhart Fuchs (1501-1566). He was a German Botanist. There are about 110 species in this genus. The majority of Fuchsias are native to Central and South America.
Species can be evergreen or deciduous. Their leaves are usually opposite or in whorls. They are simple and lanceolate. They thrive in a moist environment in the sun or partial shade. They bloom from early summer through the end of autumn.
The flowers are pendulous, like teardrops. Fuchsia is also called Lady’s Eardrops. They usually have short and long sepals. Many species have red sepals and petals purple. The ovary is usually inferior. The fruit is usually small and round. The fruit usually contains few small seeds.
Fuchsia is a wonderful plant to grow in hanging baskets and balconies. They attract hummingbirds and come in a range of colors from white to pale pink to purples and reds.
Plant Fuchsia in rich, evenly moist, and well-drained soil. They are bushy and deciduous. Pinch the growths to make them bushier. The minimum temperature is 5ºC or 40ºF. Though hardy Fuchsias might survive cold winters. Propagate by cuttings in late summer. Hybrid cultivars do not grow true to their parent from seed.