February 8, 2023
Calendula officinalis

Calendula officinalis

Calendula officinalis or Pot Marigold is from the Asteraceae family of plants. It is native to Southern Europe. This is a herbaceous perennial, but it is short-lived.

Calendula officinalis
Calendula officinalis

They also call it the Common Marigold, Garden Marigold, Scotch Marigold, Mary’s Gold, Goldes, Golds, Goldings, Goldins, Marybuds, Rod’s Gold, Ruddes, Souvenir, Yellow Goldes or Jack-on-Horseback.

Calendula officinalis can grow to 31in or 80cm tall. They usually plant Calendula officinalis as annual or biennial. The foliage is oblong and lanceolate. The leaves are green and hairy on both sides. They are also aromatic.

Calendula officinalis
Calendula officinalis
Calendula officinalis
Calendula officinalis

The flowers are orange, daisy-like, and about 7cm or 3in wide. They have hairy bracts. The florets are hermaphrodite. The fruit is a curved achene, and it is thorny. Calendula officinalis flower in the summer and through autumn.

How to grow Calendula officinalis:

Calendula officinalis is widely cultivated. Grow it in the sun, or partial shade. Plant it in any type of soil, but poor, and well-drained soil will do. Deadhead the flowers to prolong the flowering season. Propagate by seed, and pinch the tips to encourage a bushy plant. Watch out for aphids, and powdery mildew.

Calendula officinalis
Calendula officinalis in Gambia Street Garden in Southwark

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