Ligustrum japonicum ‘Texanum’ or Privet
Ligustrum japonicum ‘Texanum’: The Ideal Evergreen Shrub for Hedges
Characteristics: Ligustrum japonicum ‘Texanum’ commonly known as Waxleaf Privet, is an evergreen shrub that belongs to the Oleaceae family. It is a cultivated variety of Ligustrum japonicum, also known as Japanese Privet. The Texanum variety originated in Texas, USA, but has gained popularity in California due to its manageable size and ornamental features.
Ligustrum japonicum ‘Texanum’ is a hardy plant that grows between 6 to 8 feet (2 to 2.8 meters) in height. It is an evergreen shrub with dense foliage, making it ideal for hedges and privacy screens. The leaves are glossy, oval-shaped, and dark green, providing an attractive backdrop for its clusters of white flowers.
Description and Flowering Season: This cultivar of Ligustrum japonicum produces beautiful clusters of white flowers, typically blooming in late spring or early summer. The flowers are fragrant and attract bees and birds, but when used as a hedge, the flowering branches are often pruned to maintain a neat appearance. After flowering, small berry-like fruits may appear, adding additional visual interest to the shrub.
Origin and Varieties: Ligustrum japonicum ‘Texanum’ originated in Texas, USA. However, it has become widely cultivated and popular in California as well. It is often referred to as Waxleaf Privet due to the waxy appearance of its leaves. While there is also a California Privet (Ligustrum ovalifolium) that grows larger, reaching up to 15 feet (5 meters), the Texanum variety is more manageable and suitable for hedges.
Flower and Leaf Description: The white flowers of Ligustrum japonicum ‘Texanum’ are arranged in clusters, creating an elegant display against the dark green foliage. The leaves are oval-shaped, glossy, and have a leathery texture. They provide year-round greenery and serve as an attractive backdrop for the shrub’s ornamental features.
Cultivation of Ligustrum japonicum ‘Texanum’:
Sunlight: Ligustrum japonicum ‘Texanum’ thrives in full sun to partial shade. It prefers at least six hours of direct sunlight daily but can tolerate some shade.
Watering: It is important to water the shrub regularly, especially during its establishment period. Once established, it can withstand short periods of drought, but regular watering is still necessary to maintain its health and vigor.
Soil: The shrub prefers well-draining soil that is rich in organic matter. It can tolerate a range of soil types, including loam, sandy, or clay soils.
Pest/Disease: Ligustrum japonicum ‘Texanum’ is generally resistant to pests and diseases. However, it may occasionally face issues with aphids, scale insects, or fungal diseases. Regular monitoring and appropriate pest control measures, if necessary, are recommended.
Propagation: The shrub can be propagated through seeds or semi-hardwood cuttings taken in late summer or early autumn. Ensure that the cuttings are treated with rooting hormone and planted in a well-draining potting mix.
Other Interesting Information: Ligustrum japonicum ‘Texanum’ is known for its versatility and adaptability. It can be grown as a hedge, specimen plant, or even in pots. Regular pruning helps maintain its shape and promotes denser foliage. The shrub is also suitable for coastal gardens as it can tolerate salt spray and winds.