Nerium Oleander is a beautiful evergreen shrub that is native to hot climates and deserts, but no clear origin has been identified. It is most closely associated with the Mediterranean region. It is a fast-growing plant that has beautiful flowers and creates a beautiful landscape of color.
Nerium Oleander is also called just Nerium or Oleander. It is from the Apocynaceae family of plants.
Nerium Oleander can grow up to 6m or 20ft. It has narrow dark leaves and has clustered fragrant flowers in the shades of white, pink, or yellow. It has five-lobed flowers that grow in clusters. The best flowering season is summer. But they flower from April to October. It is drought-resistant and can withstand bad drainage and salty soils. It thrives in heat. It naturally grows into a shrub form, but it can be trained into looking like a tree.
If you have traveled to Rome, Italy you see it a lot in street-scapes and is a beautiful backdrop to antiquities. Also traveling from Rome to Ostia which is the beachfront city of Rome and in fact not too far from the Leonardo Da Vinci Airport there is a road you can take called Cristoforo Colombo Highway which is lined with Nerium Oleander in the summer when these garden plants are in bloom it is an amazing road to travel on.
How to grow Nerium Oleander:
Grow Nerium Oleander in the sun. Plant it in any average soil but well-drained. It tolerates poos and salty soils as well. Though it is drought tolerant, water them well so you get more flowers. They are also deer-resistant. Prune them in autumn. Most new growth is from the base so pruning keeps the look of the plant. Propagate from cuttings. Cuttings can root even when placed in water.
Nerium Oleander plants grow very large and create an incredible landscape. All parts of the plants are poisonous and should not be consumed. And it should not be used for burning especially for barbecue. Even the smoke from burning the stems could cause irritation.
They use Nerium Oleander as hedges and perimeter plants to create boundaries for properties for homes or larger properties. They definitely create colorful fences though as mentioned before one should be careful since they are poisonous.