Calendula officinalis

Calendula officinalis, commonly known as Pot Marigold, belongs to the Asteraceae family of plants. Native to Southern Europe, this herbaceous perennial is often grown as an annual or biennial due to its short lifespan. Calendula officinalis is not only valued for its vibrant flowers but also for its medicinal and culinary uses. It has earned several alternative names, including Common Marigold, Garden Marigold, Scotch Marigold, Mary’s Gold, Goldes, Golds, Goldings, Goldins, Marybuds, Rod’s Gold, Ruddes, Souvenir, Yellow Goldes, or Jack-on-Horseback.

Calendula officinalis can reach a height of about 31 inches or 80 centimeters. The plant features oblong and lanceolate foliage with green, hairy leaves on both sides. These leaves are not only visually appealing but also emit a pleasant aromatic scent when touched or crushed.

Calendula officinalis
Calendula officinalis

The striking flowers of Calendula officinalis are daisy-like in appearance, with a diameter of approximately 3 inches or 7 centimeters. They exhibit a vibrant orange color and are adorned with hairy bracts. The florets of the flowers are hermaphrodite, containing both male and female reproductive parts. As the flowers mature, they develop curved achene fruits with thorny structures. Calendula officinalis blooms during the summer months and continues to grace the garden with its cheerful presence throughout the autumn season.

Cultivation of Calendula officinalis:

Calendula officinalis is widely cultivated for its ornamental and practical benefits. Here are some guidelines for successful cultivation:

Light Requirements: Grow Calendula officinalis in a location that receives full sun or partial shade. It thrives in bright light conditions.

Soil and Drainage: This versatile plant can adapt to various soil types, but it prefers well-drained, moderately fertile soil. While it can tolerate poor soil conditions, providing nutrient-rich soil will promote healthier growth and abundant flowering.

Watering: Calendula officinalis has moderate water needs. Water the plant regularly, especially during dry periods, to keep the soil evenly moist. Avoid overwatering, as excessive moisture can lead to root rot.

Deadheading: To prolong the flowering season and encourage continuous blooming, deadhead the faded flowers by removing them at their base. This practice redirects the plant’s energy into producing new blooms.

Propagation: Calendula officinalis is primarily propagated by seeds. Sow the seeds directly in the garden or in seed trays indoors. Pinching the tips of young plants can promote branching and a bushier growth habit.

Pest and Disease: Calendula officinalis is relatively resistant to pests and diseases. However, aphids may occasionally appear on the plant. Monitor for aphid infestations and treat them with insecticidal soap or a strong spray of water. Additionally, powdery mildew can occur, especially in humid conditions. Provide good air circulation and avoid overhead watering to prevent this fungal disease.

By following these cultivation tips, you can successfully grow Calendula officinalis and enjoy its vibrant orange flowers, aromatic foliage, and its versatility in culinary and medicinal applications.

Calendula officinalis
Leaves of Calendula officinalis
Calendula officinalis
Calendula officinalis
Calendula officinalis
Calendula officinalis in Gambia Street Garden in Southwark

How useful was this?

Click on a star to rate it!

Average rating 5 / 5. Vote count: 4

No votes so far! Be the first to rate this post.

We are sorry that this post was not useful for you!

Let us improve this post!

Tell us how we can improve this post?

Share This Page: