Chaenomeles superba ‘Crimson and Gold’

Chaenomeles Superba, Crimson and Gold

Chaenomeles superba ‘Crimson and Gold‘ also known as Japanese Quince ‘Crimson and Gold,‘ belongs to the Rosaceae family of plants. Native to Japan, China, and Korea, this species is closely related to quince and is commonly referred to as Japanese Quince.

This spiny shrub showcases glossy green leaves that provide an attractive backdrop for its stunning floral display. Chaenomeles superba ‘Crimson and Gold’ blooms in early spring, before the leaves emerge, adorning the branches with vibrant crimson red flowers. These blossoms are a delightful sight and bring a burst of color to the garden. The plant is deciduous, shedding its leaves in the fall, but it rewards gardeners with the added interest of yellow, fragrant fruit that measures approximately 5cm or 2 inches in width.

How to grow Chaenomeles superba ‘Crimson and Gold’:

To successfully grow Chaenomeles superba ‘Crimson and Gold,’ consider the following guidelines:

Sun and Shade: This shrub thrives in a location that receives full sun or partial shade. Providing it with ample sunlight ensures optimal flowering and fruit production.

Soil Requirements: Chaenomeles superba ‘Crimson and Gold’ prefers moist, well-drained soil. It adapts well to various soil types, including loam and sandy soil, as long as water drainage is adequate. Amending the soil with organic matter, such as compost or well-rotted manure, can improve its moisture retention capabilities.

Maintenance: Once established, Chaenomeles superba ‘Crimson and Gold’ is a relatively low-maintenance plant. Regular watering during dry periods and a light layer of organic mulch around the base of the shrub can help retain soil moisture and suppress weed growth. Pruning is generally done after flowering to shape the plant and remove any dead, damaged, or crossing branches.

Pest and Disease Control: While Chaenomeles superba ‘Crimson and Gold’ is generally resilient, it is still susceptible to certain pests and diseases. Keep an eye out for common issues such as brown scale, aphids, or fire blight. Regularly inspect the plant for signs of infestation or disease, and take appropriate measures such as spraying with insecticidal soap or using horticultural oils to manage pest problems. In cases of disease, promptly remove and dispose of affected plant parts to prevent further spread.

Chaenomeles Superba, Crimson and Gold
Beautiful flowers of Japanese Quince


Propagate Chaenomeles superba ‘Crimson and Gold’ through semi-hardwood cuttings. Take cuttings in late summer or early autumn, selecting healthy, mature stems. Remove the lower leaves and dip the cut end in a rooting hormone before planting it in a well-draining propagation medium. Provide appropriate care, such as maintaining consistent moisture and providing a suitable rooting environment, to enhance the success rate of propagation.

By following these guidelines, you can cultivate Chaenomeles superba ‘Crimson and Gold’ successfully, enjoying its early spring blossoms, fragrant fruit, and the minimal care it requires.

Rosaceae, Chaenomeles Superba, Crimson and Gold
Chaenomeles Superba, Crimson and Gold, or Japanese Quince at Kew Gardens, London

See also Chaenomeles superba ‘Jet Trail’

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