Scadoxus cinnabarinus

Scadoxus cinnabarinus, Cinnabar Scadoxus or Forest Fireball Lily is native to the rainforests in Western and Central Africa but mainly in Cameroon. It is a tropical herbaceous perennial plant that grows from rhizomes and prefers humid growing conditions but it is senstitive to strong sun. It belongs to the Amaryllidaceae family of plants.

Scadoxus cinnabarinus
Scadoxus cinnabarinus

Scadoxus cinnabarinus was first named in Haemanthus cinnabarinus in 1857 by Joseph Decaisne. The name referred to the shade of red similar to cinnabar. Joseph Decaisne (1807-82) was a French botanist, though he was born in Belgium he primarily lived in France. He studied flowers brought back by many travelers. Later in 1838, the name was changed by Constantine Samuel Rafinesque to be classified as Scadoxus. Scadoxus cinnabarinus is poisonous and it was used as an arrow poison in Africa.

Scadoxus cinnabarinus grows to about 60cm or 24in. The flowers are bright orange and arranged in an umbel, they grow on a leafless stem. Scadoxus cinnabarinus attracts bees, butterflies, and birds.

Propagate Scadoxus cinnabarinus from seed, seeds are ready when they turn red and fall off the plant or fall if you touch them. Wipe the surface and immediately introduce them to a moist soil not in but on the surface, they germinate but not the leaves, it starts producing the rhizome and after some dormant period, the leaves will appear.

Scadoxus cinnabarinus
Scadoxus cinnabarinus at Kew Gardens

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I am a flower enthusiast and a gardener at heart. Ever since childhood I loved reading about plants and started gardening at an early age. First by helping my father in the garden and later managing a large garden myself in my teen years. I planted and cared for a large number of plants, flowers, and trees both outdoors and in a greenhouse. To this day I enjoy visiting gardens and parks and learning about new and old specimens and varieties of plants.

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