Achillea millefolium or Common Yarrow is known by many common names such as Devil’s Nettle, Thousand Weed, Thousand-leaf, Thousand Seal, Hundred-leaved Grass, Gordaldo, Milfoil, Nosebleed, Nosepepper, Lace Plant, Old Man’s Pepper, Soldiers Woundwort, Plumajillo, Savory Tea, or Sanguinary, it was also known as these Latin names Achillea ambigua or Achillea millefolium var. nigrescens. In ancient cultures, this plant was known as herbal militaris and used for suppressing blood from wounds.
This is from the Asteraceae family of plants. Achillea millefolium is a spreading rhizomatous, herbaceous perennial with pinnate leaves I think some of the names do refer to the type of leaves that are very fine and feathery. It is native to Europe and Western Asia. Achillea millefolium is multi-stemmed. The flowers of Achillea millefolium appear in summer, in flat heads, and are creamy-pink color. They are fragrant similar to Chrysanthemums.
Plant Achillea millefolium in the sun, in moist but well-drained soil. It grows from 10 to 50cm or 4 to 20in. Propagate from seed, sown not deeper than 1/4in or 6mm, or division. Achillea millefolium requires no pruning except for some deadheading. Watch out for aphids or powdery mildew.
Achillea millefolium is used to feed livestock in Australia and New Zealand, where it is considered a weed. The name Achillea comes from Achilles who used to carry it in battles to treat his soldiers’ wounds and millefolium refers to the feathery leaves or as it means thousands of leaves. It also was used for stopping nosebleeds. In China Yarrow and Tortoiseshell are considered good luck. Otherwise, it is also used for dying wool, for making beer, and medicinal research is conducted for its anti-inflammatory benefits. Of course, historically it has been part of medicinal use in a variety of cultures such as Greek, Indian, Native American. This plant was discovered in Neanderthal tombs dating around 60,000 BCE.