Achillea millefolium or Common Yarrow is also called Devil’s Nettle, Thousand Weed, Thousand-leaf, Thousand Seal, Hundred-leaved Grass, Gordaldo, Milfoil, Nosebleed, Nosepepper, Lace Plant, Old Man’s Pepper, Soldiers Woundwort, Plumajillo, Savory Tea, or Sanguinary. It was also known as Achillea ambigua or Achillea millefolium var. nigrescens. In ancient cultures, this plant was called herbal militaris and they used it for suppressing blood from wounds.
It is from the Asteraceae family of plants. Achillea millefolium is spreading and rhizomatous It is a herbaceous perennial. Achillea millefolium has pinnate leaves. Some of its common names refer to the type of leaves. The leaves are very fine and feathery.
Achillea millefolium is native to Europe and Western Asia. Achillea millefolium is multi-stemmed. Achillea millefolium flowers in summer. The flowers grow in flat heads. The color of the flower is creamy-pink. They are fragrant similar to Chrysanthemums.
How to grow Achillea millefolium:
Grow Achillea millefolium in the sun. Plant it in moist but well-drained soil. Achillea millefolium grows from to 50cm or 20in. Propagate it from seed. Plant the seed not deeper than 1/4in or 6mm. You can also propagate by division. Achillea millefolium requires no pruning except for some deadheading. Watch out for aphids or powdery mildew.
They use Achillea millefolium to feed livestock in Australia and New Zealand. There, it is considered a weed. The name Achillea comes from Achilles. He carried this plant in battles to treat his soldiers’ wounds. Millefolium refers to the feathery leaves. It means thousands of leaves.
They also used it to stop nosebleeds. In China Yarrow and Tortoiseshell are considered good luck. They also use it for dying wool, for making beer. They are researching it for medicinal benefits. They are researching it for anti-inflammatory benefits. Historically it was part of medicinal use in a variety of cultures such as Greek, Indian, Native American. This plant was discovered in Neanderthal tombs dating around 60,000 BCE.