Rosa gallica is also known as the French Rose, Gallic Rose, or Rose of Provins, Provence Rose, Damask Rose, Shrub Rose, Apothecary’s Rose. It is part of the Rosaceae family of plants. Rosa gallica is a deciduous shrub. It has slender straight prickles that vary in size. Rosa gallica is native to central and southern Europe and east to the Caucasus.
It has pinnately-compound foliage. They are deep green. The flower could be clustered up to 4 on each stem. They vary from single to double. Rosa gallica flowers are usually fragrant and free-flowering. The flowers have distinct yellow central stamens. They also produce hips in autumn. Rosa gallica can grow to about 4ft or 1.2m tall. It usually flowers from late spring into summer.
Grow Rosa gallica in full sun. Plant it in moist soil which is also humus-rich, fertile, and well-drained. It can tolerate poor soil but best to fertilize it. It attracts butterflies, bees, and birds who also like rose hips. Propagate Rosa gallica by hardwood cuttings in autumn. It is generally easy to maintain and grow and disease-resistant.