Vicia villosa is also known as the Fodder Vetch, Winter Vetch, or Hairy Vetch. It is part of the Fabaceae family of plants. Vicia villosa is native to Europe, West Asia, and North Africa. It is a perennial climber.
It is grown as a forage crop. Vicia villosa grows in North America as a winter cover crop. It is considered invasive in the United States. This legume fixes nitrogen in the soil. It is often used as a companion plant for tomatoes.
Vicia villosa produces racemes of purple flowers. It flowers throughout the summer. Flowers last from June to September. The flowers are hermaphrodite (with both male and female organs). They are pollinated by bees. The leaves are elliptical. They are narrow in 4 to 12 pairs. Grow it in the sun. Plant it in neutral to alkaline and moist soils.