Papaver rhoeas is also known as the Papaver vulgaris, Papaver arvaticum, Common Poppy, Corn Poppy, African Rose, Corn Rose, Field Poppy, Flanders Poppy, or Red Poppy. Rhoeas means red in greek. It is part of the Papaveraceae family of plants. It is a herbaceous annual plant. Papaver rhoeas was adopted as a symbol of dead soldiers after World War I.
Papaver rhoeas was known as an agricultural weed. But it is found less after the emergence of herbicides. Papaver rhoeas was first published by Carl Linnaeus in 1753 in his book “Species Plantarum“.
Papaver rhoeas has long-lived seeds. They remain in the soil and germinate when the soil is disturbed. Papaver rhoeas has pinnately lobed oblong leaves. Papaver rhoeas usually flowers in late spring and autumn. It grows to about 70cm or 28in tall. Each hairy stem holds a single red flower. The hairs on the stems are usually perpendicular to the stem. There are usually four red petals. Each petal has a black spot at its base. Each plant can produce up to 400 flowers if the season stays warm.
Grow Papaver rhoeas in the sun. Plant it in fertile and well-drained soil. Watch out for aphids and downy mildew. Propagate Papaver rhoeas by seed.
After flowering, Papaver rhoeas produces hairless capsules of seeds. Papaver rhoeas exudes a yellow latex when its tissue is broken. Various colors have been bred through cultivation. Colors include yellow pink and even black. Papaver rhoeas contains rhoeadine which is a mild sedative.