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Papaver rhoeas

Papaver rhoeas is also known as the Papaver vulgaris, Papaver arvaticum, Common Poppy, Corn Poppy, African Rose, Corn Rose, Field Poppy, Flanders Poppy, or Red Poppy. Rhoeas means red in greek. It is part of the Papaveraceae family of plants. It is a herbaceous annual plant. Papaver rhoeas was adopted as a symbol of dead soldiers after World War I.

Papaver rhoeas was known as an agricultural weed. But it is found less after the emergence of herbicides. Papaver rhoeas was first published by Carl Linnaeus in 1753 in his book “Species Plantarum“.

Papaver rhoeas
Papaver rheas near Noravank, Armenia

Papaver rhoeas has long-lived seeds. They remain in the soil and germinate when the soil is disturbed. Papaver rhoeas has pinnately lobed oblong leaves. Papaver rhoeas usually flowers in late spring and autumn. It grows to about 70cm or 28in tall. Each hairy stem holds a single red flower. The hairs on the stems are usually perpendicular to the stem. There are usually four red petals. Each petal has a black spot at its base. Each plant can produce up to 400 flowers if the season stays warm.

Papaver rhoeas
Papaver rhoeas near Sevan Lake, Armenia

Grow Papaver rhoeas in the sun. Plant it in fertile and well-drained soil. Watch out for aphids and downy mildew. Propagate Papaver rhoeas by seed.

After flowering, Papaver rhoeas produces hairless capsules of seeds. Papaver rhoeas exudes a yellow latex when its tissue is broken. Various colors have been bred through cultivation. Colors include yellow pink and even black. Papaver rhoeas contains rhoeadine which is a mild sedative.

Papaver rhoeas near Jermuk
Papaver rhoeas fields near Jermuk, Armenia
Papaver rhoeas
Red Poppy fields near Jermuk

About Online Flower Garden & Dino

I am a flower enthusiast and a gardener at heart. Ever since childhood I loved reading about plants and started gardening at an early age. First by helping my father in the garden and later managing a large garden myself in my teen years. I planted and cared for a large number of plants, flowers, and trees both outdoors and in a greenhouse. To this day I enjoy visiting gardens and parks and learning about new and old specimens and varieties of plants.

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