Melittis melissophyllum is also known as the Bastard Balm. It is part of the Lamiaceae family of plants. This is the mint family. It is a herbaceous, clump-forming perennial native to Europe including the British Isles. It has aromatic leaves and fragrant flowers.
Melittis melissophyllum is related to the mint. The scent is similar to sweet woodruff. The name is from Greek Melitta which in itself is derived from another word melissa meaning a bee. Melittis melissophyllum grows to 40cm or 8in.
Melittis melissophyllum foliage is oval with a scalloped edge and deeply veined. It has hairy stems and leaves. Both are aromatic. It flowers in late spring and early summer. It has hermaphrodite flowers, They grow in the axils of the leaves. The flower is white with a pinkish or purple lip. Insects and bees help pollinate this plant.
Grow Melittis melissophyllum in partial shade. Plant it in moderately fertile, moist, well-drained soil. Propagate by division. Melittis melissophyllum is easy to maintain. It is pest-free and disease-free. Cut it back after the flowering season is over.