Passifloraceae is a family of plants including trees, shrubs, herbaceous or woody vines. It is also called the Passionflower Family and it is from the order of Malpighiales. Most of the members are tropical. Passifloraceae includes about 27 genera and about 750 species. A well-known member is the passion fruit.
Other names or synonyms for this family include Malesherbiaceae, Modeccaceae, Paropsiaceae, and Turneraceae. Most of the plants are from Africa and Neotropics. The largest genus is the Passiflora with almost 525 species.
Many of the climber members have tendrils grown from the leaf axils that help them climb. Most Passifloraceae members have simple, alternate, spirally arranged leaves. The flowers are radially symmetrical. They range from bisexual to just male or female. They have about five petals and sepals and stamens. Ovaries and stamens are androgynophores. Most seeds have an aril. The fruits are either capsules or berries.
Some of the Passifloraceae members have medicinal benefits and have been used in traditional medical practices. Some are used for economics such as food:
Passifloraceae subfamilies include:
The genera in the Passifloraceae family include: