They call Hibiscus rosa-sinensis by many names including Chinese Hibiscus, China Rose, Chinese Rose Mallow, Garden Hibiscus, Hawaiian Hibiscus, Malabar Rose, Shoe-Black Plant, or Show Flower. The most popular common name is Rose of China. It is part of the Malvaceae family of plants.
Hibiscus rosa-sinensis is a tropical, evergreen shrub. It is native to Tropical Asia and China. It grows to 16ft or 5m tall. Carl Linnaeus described Hibiscus rosa-sinensis, in 1753, in his book Species Plantarum.
The leaves are lance-shaped and glossy green. The flowers about 10cm or 4in wide. It has red stamens. Papillio homerus butterflies feed on the nectar of this flower. Hibiscus rosa-sinensis produces flowers from the leaf axils. It flowers from summer to autumn. Through cultivation, there are many colors ranging from white to yellow, red, and orange. The flowers are sometimes single or double.
How to grow Hibiscus rosa-sinensis:
Grow Hibiscus rosa-sinensis in the sun or partial shade. Plant it in moist, fertile but well-drained soil. Propagate by seed or semi-ripe cuttings. Watch out for powdery mildew, aphids, scale insects, mealybugs or whitefly.
The flowers are edible and they use it in food in the Pacific Islands. They also use Hibiscus rosa-sinensis flowers in hair care products and for shining shoes. They use it in Chinese herbology. The flowers are anti-solar as they absorb ultraviolet radiation.