Lilium candidum belongs to the lily family or the Liliaceae family of plants. It is native to the Balkans, and Middle East. They also call it the Madonna Lily, White Lily, French Lily, Annunciation Lily, Ascension Lily, Bourbon Lily, or St Joseph’s Lily.
Lilium candidum is a bulbous perennial and is easy to grow. It can reach 3ft or 1m. Flowers are white and usually appear in July. They are hermaphrodites which means they have both male and female organs. Insects or bees usually pollinate the flowers. Lilium candidum forms its bulb at ground level. Usually, it produces a basal rosette of leaves that die before the flowering stem grows. The flowers are fragrant and attract bees and butterflies. It also makes excellent cut flowers.
How to grow Lilium candidum:
Grow Lilium candidum in the sun or light shade. Plant it in rich and moist soil. Almost any type of soil is fine, sandy, loamy, or clay. It is important that the soil is well-drained. The best time to plant it is in early fall. After flowering cut it back but only after it turns yellow as it will gather energy for the next season. You can grow them in containers as well.
They use the bulb in traditional medicine as an astringent or expectorant. Usually, they only use it externally. They also consume it as food but it has to be dried or cooked as it contains acrid principle. It is very toxic to cats.