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Liliaceae

Liliaceae is from the order of Liliales. Members of this family include perennial, herbaceous, and bulbous plants. They mostly have large flowers they are six-segmented, arranged in threes, six tepals in a set of two whorls. Usually, they have six stamens and one ovary. They have linear leaves with parallel veins. Many are bulbous or grow from rhizomes. It is a diverse family of plants. Fruits are usually capsules.

Some of the popular names in Liliaceae include tulips, lily, Erythronium. This family was described by Michel Adanson but it was formally named in 1789 by Antoine Laurent de Jussieu. Many of the members are from the temperate regions in the northern hemisphere. They flower at different times, but usually spring and summer. The large flowers also produce a lot of nectar and pollen. Therefore they attract a lot of insects, butterflies and bees. They are susceptible to many funghi and virueses. Many of the species are ornamental and therefore cultivated for this purpose.

Though some of the members are edible a lot of the bulbs are poisonous, such as Lilium longiflorum or Fritillaria imperialis. However, Fritillaria imperialis is used in Chinese medicine.

The Liliaceae has following sub-families:

Lilioideae
Calochortoideae
Streptopoideae

The genera in Liliaceae family of plants include:

Amana
Calochortus
Cardiocrinum
Clintonia
Erythronium
Fritillaria
Gagea
Kinia
Lilium
Lloydia
Medeola
Nomocharis
Notholirion
Oakesiella
Prosartes
Pseudogaltonia
Scoliopus
Streptopus
Tricyrtis
Tritillaria
Tulipa
Wurmbaea

Tulipa 'Apricot Parrot'
Tulipa ‘Apricot Parrot’
Tricyrtis formosana © onlineflowergarden.com
Tricyrtis formosana flower is white with purple dots.
giant lilium
giant lilium
Lilium Tigrinum - Tiger Lily
Lilium Tigrinum

About Online Flower Garden & Dino

I am a flower enthusiast and a gardener at heart. Ever since childhood I loved reading about plants and started gardening at an early age. First by helping my father in the garden and later managing a large garden myself in my teen years. I planted and cared for a large number of plants, flowers, and trees both outdoors and in a greenhouse. To this day I enjoy visiting gardens and parks and learning about new and old specimens and varieties of plants.

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