Chaenomeles superba ‘Jet Trail’ is a compact deciduous shrub from the flowering quince family. This flowering quince is easy to care for. It looks great in beds and borders as well as a hedge. It grows to about 4ft or 120cm tall. Chaenomeles belongs to the Rosaceae family of plants. It is related to the quince. However, Chaenomeles superba ‘Jet Trail’ is grown as an ornamental plant, especially for its flowers.
Chaenomeles is commonly called Japanese Quince though it is a different species and not Japanese.
The three different hybrids are
Chaenomeles x superba,
Chaenomeles japonica (Japanese Quince), and
Chaenomeles speciosa (Chinese flowering quince).
Other common names are Japanese Quince ‘Jet Trail, Flowering Quince ‘Jet Trail’, Chaenomeles japonica ‘Jet Trail’.
Chaenomeles flowers range in red, pink, and white or sometimes a mixture. Chaenomeles superba ‘Jet Trail’ has pure white flowers with golden anthers. It blooms in spring with a profusion of flowers. Flowers are about 1.5in or 4cm wide. They usually grow on leafless thorny branches but in some climates, the leaves start early and some flowers do bloom with leaves.
After flowering in early autumn, it produces yellowish-green fruits, like a small apple. The fruits are fragrant. They are edible but bitter. Usually, they are cooked into jams.
How to grow Chaenomeles superba ‘Jet Trail’:
Chaenomeles superba ‘Jet Trail’ does best in the sun. It produces more flowers in the sun. But it could be planted in partial shade as well. Plant it in average but well-drained soil. It does alright in moist soils including clay. It is drought-tolerant. It is also rabbit-tolerant, and deer-tolerant. It requires minimum care and pruning except to shape or remove dead branches.
It flowers on old growth. Chaenomeles superba ‘Jet Trail’ leaves are glossy green. The plant is hardy. In cold winters you can cover it so it is protected from the frost. It is pest-free. Watch out for fungal leaf spot or fireblight otherwise.