Prunus serotina is also known as Black Cherry, American Cherry, Wild Black Cherry, Rum Cherry, Capulin, Cabinet Cherry, Mountain Black Cherry, Black Choke. It is native to the Americas, north, and south. It is part of the Rosaceae family of plants. Prunus serotina grows to 80ft or 24m tall.
The Bark is very thin when the tree is young. However, as it matures the bark becomes dark gray and broken. The leaves are shiny. They vary between 2 to 5in or 5 to 13cm. Leaves change color in autumn usually into yellow and red. The cherry branches and leaves are aromatic when crushed. But they are toxic as they contain cyanide-forming compounds. However, the fruit is edible and made into jams and wine. The wood is also used for furniture.
Prunus serotina flowers grow on drooping racemes of about 5in. Each raceme contains dozens of small white flowers. Usually, it flowers in spring between March and June, after the leaves appear. After flowering is done, it produces reddish-black berries.
How to grow Prunus serotina:
Grow Prunus serotina in the sun or shade. It is not particular about the soil. It tolerates dry and moist conditions. But use well-drained soil. Propagate by hardwood cuttings, semi-hard cuttings, softwood cuttings, seeds, or root cuttings. The seed requires stratification for about a month or two in the sand. Then cold stratify for another two months and then sow.