February 4, 2023
Securigera varia

Securigera varia

Securigera varia or Coronilla varia is also known as Crown vetch, Hive Vine, Rose Vetch, Rosy-flowered Crown Vetch, or Purple Crown Vetch. It is part of the Fabaceae family. It is native to Africa, Asia, and Europe. It is a low-growing vine. It can grow to 2ft or 60cm tall. It is hardy. Securigera varia is a spreading plant. It is used for erosion control especially in the United States.

Securigera varia
Securigera varia

Securigera varia will easily grow without much care. It produces lots of pink flowers. However, it could be aggressive and could overcome its neighboring plants.

Securigera varia has a deep rooting system. It even stops from other weeds growing. It has thick fern-like leaves. Securigera varia flowers in the summer from Jun to August. It produces clusters of fragrant flowers. They are pink pea-like flowers.

Securigera varia
Securigera varia near Noravank Monastery in Armenia

Grow Securigera varia in the sun. Plant it in any type of soil that is well-drained. It prefers natural to alkaline. Securigera varia fixes nitrogen in the soil. Prune as needed. It can be pruned back to the base in autumn or spring.

Propagate Securigera varia from seed or semi-ripe cuttings. You can also divide them in early spring. Securigera varia is generally disease-free. It is pest-free. IT is very easy to maintain. Remove the young plants if you would like to stop them from self-seeding. It is a deep-rooted plant and harder to get rid of when it is established.

Securigera varia contains nitro glycosides. It is toxic to horses. However, other ruminant farm animals such as cows and sheep are not affected due to their digestion method. Securigera varia is considered invasive in the United States. Securigera varia is a host-plant for the Zygena ephialtes moth.

Securigera varia
Securigera varia

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