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Iridaceae

Iridaceae family of plants has its name from Iris which means rainbow. It was the name of the Greek goddess Iris, who carried messages over the rainbow. It is from the order of Asparagales. This is a family of 66 genera and 2244 species. Most of the members of this family are perennials from bulbs, corms, and rhizomes.

Iridaceae plants usually have grass-like leaves. And the flower range in all colors therefore the name means rainbow. The name of the genus dates back to 1753 by Carl Linnaeus (1707-1778), the Swedish botanist.

There are four sub-families:
Crocoideae
Isophysidoideae
Nivenioideae
Iridoideae

Most plants in the family are from all habitats. They are mostly deciduous varieties. Except those from tropical or subtropical which are evergreen.

The Iridaceae genera include:

Acidanthera
Agretta
Alophia
Anapalina
Antholyza
Aristea
Babiana
Beatonia
Belamcanda
Bobartia
Calydorea
Cardenanthus
Chasmanthe
Cipura
Cobana
Crocosmia
Crocus
Cryptobasis
Cyanixia
Cypella
Devia
Dierama
Dietes
Diplarrena
Duthiastrum
Eleutherine
Ennealophus
Ferraria
Freesia
Geissorhiza
Gelasine
Geosiris
Gladiolus
Gynandriris
Herbertia
Hermodactylus
Hesperantha
Hesperoxiphion
Homeria
Hyptissa
Iridodictyum
Iris
Isophysis
Ixia
Juno
Kelissa
Klattia
Lapeirousia
Larentia
Lethia
Libertia
Marica
Mastigostyla
Melasphaerula
Micranthus
Montbretia
Moraea
Morea
Nemastylis
Neomarica
Nivenia
Oenostachys
Olsynium
Onira
Orthrosanthus
Patersonia
Phalangium
Phalocallis
Pillansia
Pseudiris
Pseudotrimezia
Radinosiphon
Rheome
Romulea
Salpingostylis
Savannosiphon
Sessilanthera
Siphonostylis
Sisyrinchium
Solenomelus
Souza
Sparaxis
Sphenostigma
Synnotia
Syringodea
Tapeinia
Thereianthus
Tigridia
Trichonema
Trimeza
Trimezia
Tritonia
Tritoniopsis
Vieusseuxia
Waitzia
Watsonia
Witsenia
Xenoscapa
Xyridion
Zygotritonia

Iris ensata
Iris ensata
Sisyrinchium striatum
Sisyrinchium striatum
Aristea Ecklonii
Aristea Ecklonii
Crocosmia x latifolia
Crocosmia x latifolia
Gladiolus communis subsp. byzantinus
Gladiolus communis subsp. byzantinus

About Online Flower Garden & Dino

I am a flower enthusiast and a gardener at heart. Ever since childhood I loved reading about plants and started gardening at an early age. First by helping my father in the garden and later managing a large garden myself in my teen years. I planted and cared for a large number of plants, flowers, and trees both outdoors and in a greenhouse. To this day I enjoy visiting gardens and parks and learning about new and old specimens and varieties of plants.

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