Magnolia x loebneri ‘Dwarf No. 1’

Magnolia x loebneri 'Dwarf No. 1'

Magnolia x loebneri ‘Dwarf No. 1’: A Petite Beauty with Fragrant Blooms

Magnolia x loebneri ‘Dwarf No. 1,’ commonly known as Loebner Magnolia, belongs to the Magnoliaceae family of plants. This small deciduous tree is a hybrid of Magnolia kobus and Magnolia stellata, combining the best traits of its parent species.

Characteristics of Magnolia x loebneri ‘Dwarf No. 1’:

  • Size: Magnolia x loebneri ‘Dwarf No. 1’ is a compact tree that typically reaches a height of about 20 feet or 6 meters. Its petite stature makes it an excellent choice for smaller gardens or restricted spaces.
  • Flowers: This hybrid magnolia is celebrated for its abundant and showy white flowers. The blossoms are delightfully fragrant, perfuming the air with their sweet scent. They grace the tree in spring, creating a stunning visual display that is sure to captivate any observer.
  • Foliage: The foliage of Magnolia x loebneri ‘Dwarf No. 1’ emerges in summer, after the flowers have bloomed. The leaves are mid-green and obovate in shape, adding a lush and verdant backdrop to the tree’s elegant blooms.
  • Fruit and Seeds: Following the flowering period, this magnolia tree produces conelike fruit. These fruits mature into a vibrant red color, adding visual interest to the tree. Inside the fruit, you’ll find red seeds that contribute to the overall ornamental appeal.

Magnolia x loebneri ‘Dwarf No. 1’ is a charming and compact tree that offers a splendid floral display in the spring. The abundance of fragrant white flowers creates a breathtaking scene, transforming the tree into a vision of beauty. Its dense branching habit adds a sense of fullness and provides a lovely backdrop for the blossoms.

During the summer months, the tree’s mid-green foliage emerges, complementing the delicate blooms and creating an attractive contrast. As the season progresses, the tree develops conelike fruit that ripens to a striking red hue, adding further visual interest and extending its appeal beyond the flowering period.

Magnolia x loebneri 'Dwarf No. 1'
Magnolia x loebneri ‘Dwarf No. 1’ flowers in spring before the leaves.

How to Grow Magnolia x loebneri ‘Dwarf No. 1’:

Sun or Partial Shade: Magnolia x loebneri ‘Dwarf No. 1’ thrives in both sunny and partially shaded locations. Ensure the tree receives adequate sunlight to promote healthy growth and abundant flowering. Partial shade during the hottest hours of the day can help protect the tree from excessive heat.

Well-Drained and Slightly Acidic Soil: Plant Magnolia x loebneri ‘Dwarf No. 1’ in any type of moist, organically rich soil that is slightly acidic and well-drained. Avoid planting in areas prone to waterlogging, as this can be detrimental to the tree’s health. It is essential to provide optimal soil conditions to support its growth and development.

Protection from Urban Pollutants: Magnolia x loebneri ‘Dwarf No. 1’ is sensitive to urban pollutants, so it is advisable to plant it away from areas with heavy pollution or industrial emissions. By providing a clean and healthy environment, you can ensure the tree’s vitality and longevity.

Frost Protection: Protect the tree from early spring frosts, as they can damage the delicate flowers and buds. Consider covering the tree or providing additional shelter during periods of frost to preserve its ornamental value.

Pruning: Any pruning of Magnolia x loebneri ‘Dwarf No. 1’ should be carried out during the summer months when the tree is in its dormant state. This allows for better healing and minimizes the risk of disease transmission. Pruning can be done to shape the tree, remove dead or damaged branches, or maintain its desired size and form. It is advisable to use proper pruning techniques and tools to avoid causing harm to the tree.

Magnolia x loebneri 'Dwarf No. 1'
Magnolia x loebneri ‘Dwarf No. 1’

Disease and Pest Awareness:

Magnolia x loebneri ‘Dwarf No. 1’ is generally disease-free and pest-free, making it a low-maintenance tree. However, it is important to remain vigilant for the presence of Magnolia Scale (Neolecanium cornuparvum). These small, sap-sucking insects can infest the branches and foliage of the tree, leading to weakened growth and overall decline. Regular monitoring of the tree’s health and early detection of any pest infestations are key to ensuring its well-being.

If Magnolia Scale or other pests are observed, appropriate measures should be taken to control their population. This may include using horticultural oils or insecticidal soaps specifically designed for scale insects. It is recommended to follow the instructions provided by the product manufacturer or consult with a professional arborist for guidance on effective pest control methods.


Magnolia x loebneri ‘Dwarf No. 1’ can be propagated through softwood cuttings or semi-hardwood cuttings, usually performed during the summer. These cuttings are taken from healthy parent plants and carefully nurtured until they develop roots and can be planted in their own containers or in the desired location.

By following these care guidelines and providing suitable growing conditions, you can enjoy the beauty and fragrance of Magnolia x loebneri ‘Dwarf No. 1’ as it thrives and graces your garden with its stunning floral display.

Magnolia x loebneri 'Dwarf No. 1'
Magnolia x loebneri ‘Dwarf No. 1’ at Kew Gardens

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