Monarda didyma, Bergamot or Bee Balm, Horsemint, Oswego tea, Monarda coccinea is a member of the Lamiaceae family of plants. The leaves are fragrant and it was named after Spanish botanist Nicolás Monardes from the 1500s. It is a herbaceous perennial with lanceolate leaves. The flowers are pink and hermaphroditic (contain male and female organs) and appear in the summer.
Grow Monarda didyma in the sun. Plant it in moist but well-drained soil. They grow to about 1 meter tall. The leaves are aromatic and they taste like spearmint and oregano. Monarda didyma is native to North America. American Indians used it as a spice. For medicinal purposes, they use this plant as an antiseptic and they also use it for dental hygiene products. Monarda didyma attracts bees, butterflies, and hummingbirds.