Iris germanica is an exceptional flower beautiful addition to any landscape, a flower admired by many and painted by many famous artists. Iris germanica or Bearded Iris is named bearded because of a row of short hairs on the petal called “fall”. The name Iris comes from the Greek goddess of the rainbow, who was in charge of guiding the souls of the dead.
Historically many nations or religions have therefore symbolized it and do plant it on gravesites such as Greeks and also Muslims, later Christians associated it with the Holy Trinity and of course, in the french monarchy it was symbolized as “fleur de Lys“.
It was also associated with emblems in Florence as it was a lot of iris fields around the city. Iris germanica is native to the Mediterranean region as well as the Middle East.
Different classes of Iris germanica:
Iris germanica does well in warm dry regions. Bearded iris is classified into six classes. the early flowering: miniature dwarf (up to 20cm), late spring flowering: standard, intermediate, early summer flowering: miniature-tall, border, and summer flowering tall bearded (above 70cm).
Unfortunately, the Iris germanica has a short flowering season but by combining different kinds you might be able to prolong this period in your garden.
Iris germanica grows from rhizomes. It has sword-shaped leaves. Iris germanica or Bearded Iris comes in many wonderful colors but probably the classic color we first associate this flower with is the bluish-violet. Iris germanica is also known as Iris mesopotamica or Iris florentina ‘Blue‘. It is part of the Iridaceae family of plants. It is an evergreen perennial.
Iris germanica flowers from April to June and some re-bloom later in autumn. The flowers have 6 petals, 3 that are upright are called “standard” and 3 that are dropping are called “falls” Some varieties are fragrant.
How to grow Iris germanica:
Grow Bearded Iris in the sun. Plant it in moist but well-drained soil. Iris germanica could tolerate some shade but performs better in the full sun. The best time to plant them is in summer.
It is clump-forming and can be divided for propagation in summer or early autumn. Watch out for slugs and snails as well as grey molds and viruses.