Anthurium andraeanum is an evergreen perennial. It is native to Colombia and Ecuador. It is part of the Araceae family of plants. It is commonly known as the Flamingo Flower, Painter’s Palette, Laceleaf, or Tail Flower.
The Latin name comes from Greek “anthos” which means flower and “oura” means a tail. The common name Tail flower is also the same interpretation. Based on studies, this plant helps clean the air by absorbing formaldehyde, toluene, ammonia, and xylene. Anthurium andraeanum grows to about 18in or 45cm in height.
Anthurium andraeanum is a tropical perennial. It prefers a warm, humid environment with diffused light. The leaves are dark green and glossy. Wipe them clean and they will continue their shiny look. However, leaving drops of water on the leaves could cause brown spots. Don’t overwater them as the leaves will start turning yellow and wilt.
What we generally consider the flower, is actually a spathe. It varies in colors from, white, to red, orange or pink. A spathe is a sheathing bract the encloses the flower. So the actual flowers are tiny. They are on the spadix or what is commonly called the tail.
Anthurium andraeanum is usually grown as a houseplant. When kept indoors, make sure it gets enough humidity. Repot only when necessary with a slightly larger pot, and make sure the crown sits above the soil.
Anthurium andraeanum is toxic to all mammals, as it contains saponins and calcium oxalate. You can propagate Anthurium andraeanum by division. New plants probably will take a year before they will flower. Watch out for spider mites and fungus gnats.