Cynara cardunculus subsp. cardunculus is also known as Globe Artichoke or Artichoke. It is from the Asteraceae family of plants and subspecies of flowering thistles. It is native to Southern Europe and the Mediterranean region.
Cynara cardunculus subsp. cardunculus can grow to 6ft or 2m high as well as across. The flower is edible, called an Artichoke, it has plump petals and a fleshy interior. The buds are the size of a ping-pong or golf ball and range in color from green to purple.
They depicted this plant in pictures for many centuries. You can see them in Roman mosaics as early as Roman time or the 2nd century. It is a perennial vegetable. They cultivate Cynara cardunculus subsp. flavescens or Cardoon is cultivated for its plant-derived clotting enzymes and use for the production of ewe milk cheeses.
Cynara cardunculus subsp. cardunculus flowers from April to July. Grow it in the sun. Plant it in well-drained and fertile soil. Deadhead to prolong flowering.