Hypoestes Phyllostachya or the Polka Dot Plant is part of the Acanthaceae family of plants. It is an evergreen shrub that is native to South Africa, Madagascar, and Southeast Asia. This plant which grows to about 12in or 30cm has spotted leaves sometimes white or pink. The leaves are opposite and the spots on the back of the leaves are lighter than the front. It also produces small pink or purplish flowers on spikes but the attraction of this plant is for the color of its leaves.
Polka Dot Plant flowers appear in the summer. You can pinch the new growth to encourage bushiness. It is planted outside in tropics or warmer climates otherwise treated as a container plant indoors. Hypoestes Phyllostachya grows from 10 to 50cm or 4 to 20in.
Hypoestes Phyllostachya or Polka Dot Plant needs light to keeps its colorful and interesting look, it could turn more solid green if it does not get enough light, but keep it from direct sun. Like other tropical plants, it does like humidity and moisture. Water it regularly if necessary but never let it go soggy or the leaves will turn yellow. Plant it in moist but well-drained soil. Hypoestes Phyllostachya can benefit from fertilizers in the summer.
Propagate Hypoestes Phyllostachya from seeds or cutting in spring or summer. It is pest-free, but watch out for mildews.