Lobelia cardinalis

Lobelia cardinalis is also known as Lobelia splendors, Lobelia fulgent, Cardinal Flower, Bog Sage, Hog’s Physic, Indian Pink, Red Bay, Scarlet Lobelia, Slinkweed, or Water Gladiole. It is part of the Campanulaceae family of plants. It is native to the Americas from Southern Canada south to Colombia. It is usually found in wet landscapes by streams or swamps. Lobelia cardinalis is an upright, clump-forming herbaceous perennial plant. Lobelia cardinalis can grow to 90cm or 3ft tall. It has oblong green leaves. The flowers are crimson or red and deeply five-lobed that appear on terminal spikes in summer and autumn. It was introduced to Europe around 1620 named originally the Cardinal Flower.

Lobelia cardinalis
Lobelia cardinalis

Plant Lobelia cardinalis in full sun or partial shade, in moist and fertile soil that is well-drained. Propagate by seed or cuttings in late summer or by dividing. Cut it back after the flowering season is over. Watch out for slugs, snails, or leaf spot. Lobelia cardinalis attracts hummingbirds, butterflies, and pollinators, but they are deer-resistant and rabbit-resistant. Deadhead flowers for more blooms.

Historically the plant was used to make Schumaakwe cake by Zuni people, the native American in the Zuni River area in western New Mexico. Also, the plant leaves were dried and smoked instead of tobacco by Penobscot people, indigenous people who lived in the Atlantic provinces and Quebec.

Lobelia cardinalis
Lobelia cardinalis

About Online Flower Garden & Dino

I am a flower enthusiast and a gardener at heart. Ever since childhood I loved reading about plants and started gardening at an early age. First by helping my father in the garden and later managing a large garden myself in my teen years. I planted and cared for a large number of plants, flowers, and trees both outdoors and in a greenhouse. To this day I enjoy visiting gardens and parks and learning about new and old specimens and varieties of plants.

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