Begonia Sempreflorens Ascot Pink
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Begonia semperflorens, also known as Begonia x semperflorens-cultorum, Wax Begonia, Wax Plant, or Bedding Begonia, is a tender perennial often grown as an annual. It belongs to the Begoniaceae family of plants. This begonia variety is characterized by its green or bronze leaves and sprays of red, pink, or white flowers that bloom during the summer and autumn seasons.

Begonia semperflorens exhibits green or bronze leaves, depending on the variety. The leaves are typically rounded or ovate with a glossy texture, adding to the plant’s ornamental appeal.

The flowers of Begonia semperflorens bloom during the summer and autumn seasons. The plant produces sprays of vibrant flowers in colors such as red, pink, or white, depending on the specific cultivar. These colorful flowers add a splash of beauty to garden beds, containers, or indoor settings.

Begonia Semperflorens, Fibrous
Begonia Semperflorens, Fibrous

To cultivate Begonia semperflorens successfully, follow these care guidelines:

Light: Grow Begonia semperflorens in partial shade. While some varieties can tolerate full sun or shade, partial shade is generally preferred. Provide a location that receives bright, indirect sunlight for a significant portion of the day. Avoid exposing the plant to intense, direct sunlight, as it can scorch the leaves.

Soil: Plant Begonia semperflorens in rich, well-drained soil. The soil should be loose and fertile, allowing water to drain freely. Aim for neutral to slightly acidic soil conditions. If needed, amend the soil with organic matter, such as compost or peat moss, to improve its fertility and drainage.

Watering: Begonia semperflorens requires a consistently moist environment. Water the plant regularly to keep the soil evenly moist but not waterlogged. Avoid allowing the soil to dry out completely between waterings, as it can cause stress to the plant. However, be cautious of overwatering, as excessive moisture can lead to root rot. Adjust the frequency of watering based on the environmental conditions and the moisture needs of the plant.

Begonia Sempreflorens
Begonia semperflorens at Kew Gardens

Pruning and Deadheading: Unlike some other begonia varieties, Begonia semperflorens does not require regular pruning or deadheading. Simply allow the spent flowers to naturally drop off. However, you can pinch back the tips of the stems to encourage bushier growth and a more compact form if desired.

Propagation: Begonia semperflorens can be propagated through both stem cuttings and seeds. Stem cuttings can be taken from healthy plants and rooted in a suitable growing medium. Seeds can be collected from mature flowers and sown in well-draining soil. Maintain a warm and humid environment for successful propagation.

Begonia Semperflorens Ascot Pink
Begonia Semperflorens Ascot Pink

Pests and Diseases: Watch out for common pests such as thrips, caterpillars, and aphids. Regularly inspect the plant for any signs of infestation and take appropriate measures, such as using insecticidal soap or natural predators, to control pests. Additionally, be cautious of powdery mildew and gray molds, which can affect Begonia semperflorens. Maintain good air circulation, avoid overhead watering, and promptly remove any affected foliage to minimize the risk of these fungal diseases.

Indoor Growth: Begonia semperflorens can also be grown as houseplants and can bloom for several years indoors. Provide a moist environment by placing the plant on a tray filled with pebbles and water. This will create a humid microclimate around the plant.

By following these care instructions, you can successfully grow Begonia semperflorens, whether as an outdoor bedding plant or as a long-lasting houseplant and enjoy its colorful flowers and attractive foliage.

Begonia Sempreflorens
Begonia at Kew Gardens
Begonia Semperflorens Ascot Bronze
Begonia Semperflorens Ascot Bronze Scarlet

Also, you may enjoy reading about Begonia bolivensis ‘Bossa Nova’.

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